General principles to follow to make a website ADA accessible:
Creating a website that is accessible to all users, regardless of their abilities, is not only a legal requirement in many jurisdictions, but it also makes good business sense. A more accessible website will reach a wider audience and provide a better user experience for all users.
Perceivable: Users must be able to perceive the information being presented, it can't be invisible to all of their senses.
Providing text alternatives for any non-text content
Providing captions and other alternatives for multimedia
Presenting content in different ways without losing information or structure
Making sure content is easy to see and hear
Operable: Users must be able to operate the interface. The interface cannot require interaction that a user cannot perform. This involves:
Making all functionality available from a keyboard
Giving users enough time to read and use the content
Not using content that causes seizures or physical reactions
Helping users navigate and find content
Understandable: Users must be able to understand the information as well as the operation of the user interface. The operation of the interface cannot be beyond their understanding.
Making text readable and understandable
Making content appear and operate in predictable ways
Helping users avoid and correct mistakes
Robust: Users must be able to access the content as technologies advance. As technologies and user agents evolve, the content should remain accessible. This involves:
Maximizing compatibility with current and future user tools
Additional measures to improve accessibility include:
Design for Different Devices: Websites should be designed to work on a variety of devices and screen sizes, from desktop monitors to mobile phones.
Use of ARIA Landmarks: Use ARIA (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) landmarks to identify the roles of different areas of a page (such as navigation, main content, etc.) to assistive technology.
Keyboard Navigation: The site should be navigable via a keyboard, not just a mouse.
Color Contrast: There should be sufficient contrast between text and background colors.
Resizable Text: Text should be resizable without loss of content or functionality.
Avoid Automatic Media: Avoid media that starts automatically, particularly those with sound.
Provide Alternative Text for Images: Provide text alternatives for images and other non-text content.
Forms and Inputs: Ensure that all form elements have labels, and that forms can be navigated using the keyboard.
Captions and Transcripts for Media: Provide captions for videos, and transcripts for video and audio content.
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